Pokhran: We all know that India is a Nuclear power country. But only some of you know that how the test has taken place and remains hidden from the World. India declared as a Nuclear Power Country when the test took place. On 13 May 1998, India Secretly conducted Test of five bombs which placed Underground in Pokhran, Rajasthan. On the post, we tell you all about India Nuclear Test.
Nuclear Program of India
The Nuclear program of India started in 1944 after the opening of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. Where Raja Ramanna helps a lot in the research of Nuclear weapons technology. Later in 1948 Atomic Energy Act created to establish research of Nuclear Energy technology. The research gets Increase when in 1954 Bhabha Atomic Research centre established in Mumbai, Maharastra.
After the 1971 Indo Pakistan war, It informed by the Soviet Union a submarine armed with nuclear missile sent by US forces as a trial that found to be a danger for India. This is the reason in September 1972 Indira Gandhi said to Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) to prepare and test a nuclear device. Test moto is not to tell the nation that India is a nuclear power country it was done to make India more secure from the enemy. Many countries found this test as a threat, But DRDO chief Dr APJ Abdul Kalam tells that the nuclear weapon is for National Security.
What is the need for a Nuclear test to India
India is a country who has many enemies. At the time China is doing nuclear test day by day. And, it found to be a danger thread for India because there is also the involvement of Pakistan in the China nuclear test. At that time only some countries are allowed to do a nuclear test like USA, China, Russia to other countries the US give the safety. As per resources, India asks for the safety cover from the USA, but they declined it. It was a big Issue for India, and this is the main reason that India has to develop the Nuclear device and test it.
Why India do the test Secretly
As per some International protocol, India has no authority to do the Nuclear test. At that time only five countries have the authority the USA and China are one of them. If the world comes to know about India nuclear program, other countries start to objection on India. It was the reason the test was done secretly.
The person behind the success of India Nuclear test is APJ Abdul Kalam, R Chidambaram, Bhairon Singh Shekhawat. These are the person who makes India more powerful.
Story Of the success
The site Pokhran, Rajasthan chose. Because it was a desert area where nearby, not any big city located. The site saw, and planning is done with the involvement of BARC, DRDO, ISRO and of course the INDIAN ARMY. There are many satellites which spying the locations. It was essential to do the test without captured by the satellite. For the test 5 bomb used. Bomb transported from the BARC Mumbai, and brought to the Pokhran location and are underground. The basic work was done by the Army members of the Indian army. We need to work in the Dark spot (the time when no satellite was revolving above the location). ISRO gave the information of dark spot. All the work was done under the dark spot of the satellite.
When the satellite was above the location, they remain hidden. When it comes to a dark spot every one comes to their work. And after work, everything normally settled as before. All the scientist and every group are in Army uniform which shows that any military drill or exercise is going on.
Only Satellite was not the problem. There are many CIA person who was spying on and tracing the calls. The team also resolve the problem and do the communication in codes, the bomb called as Taj Mahal, white house and every person name were changed which not show any threat. After some time on 13, May 1998 India do there Nuclear test successful on Pokhran and show that India is a powerful country and ready to fight for their nation when needed.